Temple was built in 1420 A.D. during the Ming Dynasty to
offer sacrifice to Heaven. The Temple of Heaven is enclosed
by a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular
symbolizing the heavens and the southern part is square
symbolizing the earth. This design shows that the heaven
is high and the earth is low and the design reflected an
ancient Chinese thought of "The heaven is round and
the earth is square".
of Heaven ( Tiantan ) is located in the southern part of
Beijing, and has been one of the most holy places for the
whole country for more than five centuries. It used as a
complex of sacrificial buildings for the Ming and Qing emperors,
and is the largest one in Beijing among several royal altars
to Heaven, Earth, the Sun, the Moon and other deities or
symbolic forces of Nature.
Temple of Heaven was originally constructed in the eighteenth
year of Ming Yong LE(1420). It was rebuilt and reconstructed
during the period of Emperor Jiajing In Ming Dynasty and
Emperor Qianlong in Qing Dyansty. The building is magnificent
and environment is solemn and respectful. It was the place
where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties worshipped
Heaven and prayed for good harvests.
north part of the temple looks like a roundness and the
south is like a square. Surrounded by an outer wall of 5
km, it covers an area of 273 hectares, thrice the size of
the Forbidden City. It is divided into the Inner Temple
(Neitan) and the Outer Temple (Waitan) by a double wall.
Main buildings assemble in the inner part, including the
Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests(Qiniandian), the Hall of
Imperial Zenity (Huangqiandian), the Circular Mound (Huanqiu)
the Imperial Vault of Heaven (Huangqiongyu), the Palace
of Abstinence (Zhaigong), Beamless Hall (Wuliangdian), Long
Corridor (Changlang) etc. There is also the Echo Wall (Huiyinbi),
Triple-sound Stone (Sanyinshi), Seven Star Ston (Qixingshi)
etc. Temple of Heaven combines the architecture technology
of Ming and Qing Dynasties together. It is rare Chinese
ancient architecture and the largest sacrifice complex in
the world. In 1998, the United Nations Educational Scientiffic
and Culture Organzation listed it into the "Directory
of World Heritage".
of Heaven in the early morning, you can see groups of people
practicing all types of kung fu and taiji.