an area of 80,000 square meters (about 20 acres), Dr. Sun Yat-sen's
Mausoleum is located in the Zhong Mountain Scenic Area in the east
suburb of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province. As the mausoleum of Dr.
Sun Yat-sen, the father of the Republic of China, it is considered
the Holy land of Chinese people both home and abroad. With deep
historical significance, magnificent architecture and beautiful
scenery, it is a must see when traveling in Nanjing.
Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) was a great forerunner of the Chinese democratic
revolution and led by Dr. Sun the Chinese people brought down the
corrupt rule of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and ended 2000 years
of the feudal monarchy system, which led the Chinese peoples in
to a new age.
majestic Mausoleums construction was started in 1926 and completed
in 1929. The whole Mausoleum Scenic Area represents an alarm bell
as seen from the air, symbolizing the noble spirit and heroic efforts
of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's devotion to the Chinese people, fight of oppression
and wining the independence of China. Facing south, the structures,
along with the mountain ascends gradually along with the central
axis line running from south to the north and is regarded as the
most outstanding mausoleum in Chinese modern architectural history.
Traveling along the marble road, firstly you will arrive at half-moon
square in the south of the Mausoleum. It is understated and modest,
while endowing grandeur to the Mausoleum. Then at the entrance to
the mausoleum stands the great marble Paifang (memorial archway)
on which is written 'Bo Ai' meaning 'love'. Through Paifang there
is a Passway of 480 meters (about 1574 feet) long and 40 meters
(about 131 feet) wide, on both sides of which stand orderly pine
and cypresses trees. Continuing forward to the end of the Passway,
there is the Frontispiece, standing some 16.5 meters (about 54 feet)
high and 27 meters (about 88 feet) wide. The Frontispiece has three
archways, each of which has a pair of symmetrical enchased copper
gates. Four Chinese characters are inscribed on the lintel over
the doorways written by Dr. Sun Yat-sen meaning 'the world is commonwealth',
which fully explains the cause he struggled for during his life.
Through the Frontispiece is a pavilion made of marble, in which
a great stele, 9 meters (about 29 feet) high and 4 meters (about
13 feet) wide, was erected by Kuomintang in memory of Dr. Sun Yat-sen.
On the stele there are carved just 24 Chinese characters and no
epitaph as people think that there are no words capable of representing
this giant of modern China.
Through the Pavilion, climbing along the stairs upward, the Sacrificial
Hall is your next encounter. Here is the highest place of the Mausoleum,
some 158 meters (about 518 feet) high. The Sacrificial Hall is located
in the center of this plateau. It is an Alhambresque construction
combining the architectures of both China and the West and is 30
meters (about 98 feet) long, 25 meters (about 82 feet) wide and
29 meters (about 95 feet) high. Around the Sacrificial Hall, there
are two 12.6-meter-high (about 41 feet) Huabiao, ornamental columns
like those in Tiananmen Square. Entering the Hall, a 4.6-meter-high
stone statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen sits in the center. Dr. Sun Yat-sen
wears long gown with eyes facing forward, with an open book on his
lap, demonstrating the wisdom of the great thinker. At the foot
of the statue, there are six embossments exhibiting in vivid pictures
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's glorious life and struggles in his revolution
of China. The door of the tomb is in the center of the back wall.
The wholetomb is a hemispherical in shape, with the marble coffin
of Dr. Sun Yat-sen set in the center of the chamber. His white marble
statue rests a top the rectangle coffin, under which this historical
giant forever sleeps.
the Mausoleum there are many memorial buildings such as the Zhengqi
Pavilion, Open-air Music Hall, Waxwork Home of Democratic Revolution,
the Sun Yat-sen Museum and so on