Wall Badaling is located at Yanqing County, more than 70
kilometers northwest from the center of Beijing City. It
is a mountain pass of the Jundu Mountain. Badaling is at
the highest point of north end of the Guan'gou gorge, in
which the Juyongguan Pass lies. In the history, the function
of Badaling was to protect the Juyongguan Pass. Along with
Guan'gou gorge, there are several interests and historic
sites. Badaling is a rare ancient military defense project.
The elevation of it is about 1,000 meters.
The wall of Badaling has a total length of 3, 741 meters
with an average height of 8 meters The highest part is 15
meters. The total area for a tour is 19, 000 square meters.
The top of the wall can permit five horses to be ridden
abreast. There are arched doors at the inner side of the
wall with very little distance between each two doors. The
arched doors lead you to the top of the wall by stone stairs.
became a very important military strategic place since the
Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC) and the Warring
States Period (476 BC - 221 BC). Many incomplete parts of
the wall were proved to be built in the Warring States Period.
was the earliest section to be open to the tourists among
all the parts of the whole Great Wall. 130 million tourists
from China and abroad have visited Badaling; 370 foreign
leaders and very important persons have come to climb Badaling
successively. This section of the Great Wall was made by
huge bar stones. Some of the stones have a height of two
meters with a weight of hundreds kilograms. Inside the Wall
are made of mud and stone block. The top floor of the Great
Wall is paved with square bricks which made the floor very
orderly and smooth. On the highest place, signal fire platforms
were set to send warning signals in the ancient China. One
fire with one smoke means the enemy is about 100 men; two
fires with two smoke means 500 men, and three fires with
three smoke means more than 1,000 men... By this way, the
persons who were warned were able to know the state of the
Badaling, there is a large-scaled Great-Wall-of-China Museum
as well as the Great Wall National Theater from which you
can get a full and complete view of the Great Wall. In 1961,
the State Council decided that Badaling was a national key
protected culture relic unit. In 1987, Badaling became 'World
Cultural heritage' by the United Nation.